What did being a cardinal mean to Joseph Ratzinger? – Catholic News Agency

By way of Marco Mancini
Vatican Town, Jan 3, 2023 / 08:00 am
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger demonstrated faithfulness, stated Pope Paul VI in his deal with all the way through the consistory of June 27, 1977, wherein Ratzinger, then archbishop metropolitan of Munich and Freising, was once created a cardinal of the Holy Roman Church.
Paul VI pointed to Ratzinger’s “theological educating in prestigious college seats in his Germany and in a lot of and worthy publications.”
Ratzinger, Paul VI persisted, “has made obvious how theological analysis — in the primary means of the ‘fides quaerens intellectum’ — can not and will have to now not be ever disconnected from the profound, unfastened, inventive adherence to the Magisterium, which authentically translates and pronounces the Phrase of God; and that now, from the archiepiscopal seat of Munich and Freising he, with such a lot of our self belief, leads an elect flock at the paths of reality and peace.”
The long run Pope Benedict XVI wore the crimson cassock for just about 28 years and at all times performed, with the maximum determination, the purposes of a cardinal referred to as for by way of canons 349 and 353 of the Code of Canon Legislation: “The cardinals of the Holy Roman Church represent a distinct faculty which gives for the election of the Roman Pontiff in line with the norm of particular legislation. The cardinals help the Roman Pontiff both collegially when they’re convoked to handle questions of main significance, or in my opinion once they lend a hand the Roman Pontiff in the course of the more than a few places of work they carry out, particularly within the day-to-day care of the common Church,” and “The cardinals particularly help the splendid pastor of the Church via collegial motion in consistories wherein they’re collected by way of order of the Roman Pontiff who presides. Consistories are both unusual or ordinary.”
Paul VI assigned Ratzinger the titular church of Santa Maria Consolatrice in Casal Bertone. In 1993, Pope John Paul II established his promotion to the order of bishops with the project of the name of the Diocese of Velletri-Segni, a suffragan diocese of Rome. In 1998, Ratzinger was vice deacon of the Sacred Faculty, and after the resignation of Cardinal Deacon Bernardin Gantin in 2002, he was once elected deacon of the Faculty of Cardinals and assigned the titular Diocese of Ostia, additionally a suffragan diocese of Rome.
As cardinal deacon, in April 2005 Ratzinger presided over the funeral of John Paul II, the overall congregations, and the conclave that then noticed his election to the preach.
However what did being a cardinal imply to Ratzinger? Pope Benedict XVI himself spoke back a number of occasions to the query.
The crimson cap, the pope stated all the way through his first consistory in March 2006, was once above all a accountability. To the brand new cardinals he said: “Extra intently related to the Successor of Peter, you’re going to be referred to as to paintings in conjunction with him in conducting his specific ecclesial provider, and this may occasionally imply for you a extra intense participation within the thriller of the pass as you percentage within the sufferings of Christ. All folks are really witnesses of his sufferings these days, on the planet and likewise within the Church, and therefore we even have a percentage in his glory. And so it is possible for you to to attract extra abundantly upon the resources of grace and to disseminate their life-giving end result extra successfully to these round you.”
On the November 2010 consistory, Benedict added that “the particular communion and affection that bonds those new cardinals to the pope makes them his distinctive and valuable cooperators within the lofty mandate to generally tend his sheep, which Christ entrusted to Peter with a view to unite peoples with the solicitude of Christ’s love. From this identical love the Church was once born, referred to as to are living and to adventure on in line with the Lord’s commandment, which sums up the entire of the legislation and the prophets. Being united with Christ in religion and in communion with him method being ‘rooted and down to earth in love,’ the material that unites all of the participants of Christ’s Frame.”
At his final consistory to create cardinals, in November 2012, Benedict repeated that “positioned inside the context and the point of view of the Church’s cohesion and universality is the Faculty of Cardinals: it items quite a lot of faces, as it expresses the face of the common Church. On this consistory, I wish to spotlight specifically the truth that the Church is the Church of all peoples, and so she speaks within the more than a few cultures of the other continents. She is the Church of Pentecost: amid the polyphony of the more than a few voices, she raises a unmarried harmonious track to the dwelling God.”
He reminded the brand new cardinals that, “any further, you’re going to be much more intently and in detail related to the See of Peter: the titles and deaconries of the church buildings of Rome will remind you of the bond that joins you, as participants by way of an overly particular name, to this Church of Rome, which presides in common charity. Specifically in the course of the paintings you do for the Dicasteries of the Roman Curia, you’re going to be my valued co-workers, before everything in my apostolic ministry for the fullness of catholicity, as pastor of the entire flock of Christ and top guarantor of its doctrine, self-discipline, and morals.”
All through his preach, Benedict presided over 5 consistories wherein he created 90 cardinals originating from 37 nations.
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